Botanical Garden

Botanical gardens are regarded as the main centers for the conservation of wild species. Their concern is largely with rare and endangered species and is increasingly involved in programmes of their conserva­tion and reintroduction into the wild. Many of the conservation collec­tions in botanic gardens are, however, inadequate in terms of initial sampling, number of accessions and individuals, and form of maintenance. There is a need for botanic gardens to follow much more rigorous standards if they are to play an effective part in overall national conservation policies and genetic resource strategies.

Botanical gardens have a long tradition of introducing plants into cultivation and maintaining them for long periods, especially in the case of trees. They have been responsible for the introduction of many economically important plants into agriculture, horticulture and forestry and this continues to the present day, although much plant introduction is now carried out by specialist agencies. Many tropical/subtropical botanic gardens were originally established as nurseries or introduction centers for germplasm of species that might prove useful either for the local economy or for the international sponsoring agencies. In addition to its scientific role, the Garden is also major tourist attraction, providing inspiration, relaxation and pleasures to visitors of all age from different corners of the world. Many of the wonders of the plant kingdom can be displayed on the ground.

SCOPE OF BOTANICAL GARDEN 

The Garden is first and foremost a scientific institution, dedicated to the pursuit of research of highest quality on the Systematics and biology of plants. This research, which underpins the other plant science and conservation, will make possible by the garden’s nationally/internationally important collections of living and preserve plants.

In addition to its scientific role, the Garden is also major tourist attraction, providing inspiration, relaxation and pleasures to visitors of all age. Many of the wonders of the plant kingdom can be displayed on the ground.

OBJECTIVES: Botanical Garden is available plant-based science, education and cultivation with following objectives:

1. Education;

2. Conservation;

3. Ethno-botanical studies

1- EDUCATION

 

The important aspect of the BOTANICAL GARDEN will impart an Education by using wide range of educational techniques to children, adults, nature lovers, biology students, geographers and foresters on the following potential aspects:

  • to appreciate the dependence of people on plants;

  • the interaction of plants and the environment;

  • the loss of habitat and species nationally and globally;

  • the richness of plant biodiversity at home and abroad.

2- CONSERVATION

The conservation is the potential significant contribution to plant conservation world-wide through the provision and interpretation of scientific research with extension into practical conservation projects (in situ/ex situ). 

BOTANICAL GARDEN would launch such conservation projects focusing on diverse Ecozones of the world.  BOTANICAL GARDEN will achieve conservation planning process through consultations with national and international bodies such as International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN), Botanic Garden Conservation International (BGCI), Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), Sindh Wildlife Department, Sindh Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). Hence, this project will achieve its objectives through collaboration with other institution both at home and abroad.

3- ETHNO-BOTANICAL STUDIES

Medicinal plants garden is established that displayed those plants which are being used as folklore for various purposes by the people in their daily life.

Research generated by medicinal garden can be useful in establishing priorities in the conservation of endangered or threatened/rare species.

 

 

Botanical Garden is comprising of following main components:

1.      Indus Arboretum;

2.      Ravi Park;

3.      Bolan Aromatic Garden;  

4.      Khyber Succulent Garden;

5.      Pond Lake;

6.      Glass House/nursery.

1- Indus Arboretum: An Arboretum is the name for a collection of trees. A plot of land is dedicated to the cultivation of trees. The wide range of native trees of Nara Desert (includes Nara Game Reserve, Takkar wildlife sanctuary, Nara wildlife sanctuary. Khirthar National park) and some more trees from different deserts/dry lands is introduced there.  It is look alike woodland with associate undestroyed shrubs and herbaceous plants. It is serving for scientific, educational and exhibit purposes.

2- Ravi Park: A piece of land is used for developing lawns, with colorful collection of ornamental shrubs and herbs. The landscape of park will be of undulating and flat area. The walking paths/tracks (Grassy path) will be decorated with perennial shade providing tall shrubs or small sized tress. Besides, beds for seasonal flower is the part of the park which exhibits variety of colour and fragrances. The sand ridges is also be covered with grass (lawn) and suitable shrubs. A children play ground is there with the Park. Hedges and climbers species is introduced to exhibit the scenic beauty of the park matching with landscape.  

3- Bolan Aromatic Garden: A piece of land with natural landscape is reserved for native as well as exotic aromatic plants species. this layout is developed on the map of Baluchistan.

4- Khyber Succulents Garden: The succulent word derived from Latin “Succus” means Juice. Plants, some of their parts such as stem, branches, leaves, stalks, flowers tubes and sometimes roots are juicy, fleshy or thick are termed succulent or thick leaved plants. Succulent plants may occur in widely varied plant families and one family may have only a few succulents. Even a large family of plants CACTAEAE has members with no succulent characters.

The succulence plants, including the cacti, have developed as a result of the influence of climate and habitat. These plants have had to learn to make the most economical use of water and to obtain their essential nutrients even when there is a water shortage. They are able to survive long periods of drought by retarding their life processes and, even though they appear to be dead, by storing in their tissue at least a minimum supply of water. Their odd appearance, so different from other plants, is the result of their adaptation to the conditions of their habitat; some of the species which developed the greatest degree of succulence even tend to resemble objects, lifeless stones or sea animals rather than living plants.

5- Dhandh Lake Lake (Wetland) where aquatic species will be introduced.  The surrounding of this water body will be developed by introducing hedges and herbaceous border. There will be tree lines around the lake. The margin of lake in water will be filled with a variety of aquatic plants such as water lily i.e Nympheae species, HydrillaVallisneraPotomogetonLemnasEichhornia and many water ferns and grasses.

a.      Glass House/nursery: Humid tropical greenhouse.   

 

Greenhouse will be reserved for research/practical purpose with primary objective to provide required control environment to the research projects from faculty, staff, graduate and undergraduate students. Glass House is for exhibition of diverse collection of various plant groups under controlled environment. Like orchids, hydrophytes, ferns etc.

SLUBGH is maintaining Temperature Data Thrice a day for observing weather round the year. For detailed weather observation.

Plant Species In Shah Latif University Botanical Garden & Herbarium (SLUBGH)    
List Of Plant Species In Botanical Garden
S.NoLOCAL NAMEBOTANICAL NAMEFAMILY NAMEHABIT
1.       BabulAcacia Nilotica (L.) Willd. Ex DelileMimosaceaeTree
2.       Acacia Senegal Willd.MimosaceaeTree
3.       Acacia Chundra (Rottler) Willd.MimosaceaeTree
4.       Vachellia Farnesiana (L.) Willd.MimosaceaeTree
5.       Sirs,SirhAlbizia Lebbeck (L.) Benth.MimosaceaeTree
6.       English SirsAlbizia Procera (Roxb.)BenthMimosaceaeTree
7.       ArjunTerminalia Arjuna Wight & Arn.CombretaceaeTree
8.       LaoTamarix Indica Willd.TamaricaceaeTree
9.       LaiTamarix Aphylla (L.)H.Karst.TamaricaceaeTree
10.   BerZiziphus Mauritiana Lam.RhamnaceaeTree
11.   SanjhroMoringa OleiferaMoringaceaeTree
12.   JamonSyzygium CommuniiMyrtaceaeTree
13.   ZatoonPisidium Guajava L.MyrtaceaeTree
14.   ParkinsoniaParkinsonia Aculeata L.AsclepiadaceaeTree
15.   AmltasCassia Fistula L.CaesalpiniaceaeTree
16.   NarangiCitrus ×Sinensis (L.) Osbeck[1]RutaceaeTree
17.   LemonCitrus Limon (L.) Burm.F.RutaceaeTree
18.   MaltoCitrus Aurantifolia (Christm.) SwingleRutaceaeTree
19.   AnarPunica Granatum L.PunicaceaeShrub
20.   Bottle BrushCallistemon Citrinus (Curtis) SkeelsMyrtaceaeTree
21.   Local NeemAzadirachta IndicaMeliaceaeTree
22.   Wild RoseRosa IndicaRosaceaeShrub
23.   Gul ZangiNerium Oleander L.ApocynaceaeShrub
24.   PeepalFicus Religiosa L.MoraceaeTree
25.   KhajiPhoenix Dactylifera L.ArecaceaeTree
26.   TootMorus Alba L.MoraceaeTree
27.   Mor PankhAraucaria HeterophyllaAraucariaceaeTree
28.   BougainvalBougainvillea GlabraNyctaginaceaeShrub
29.   Rat Ji RaniCestrum Nocturnum L.SolanceaeShrub
30.   Sago PalmPhoenix Roebelenii O'BrienArecaceaeTree
31. Weeping FigFicus Benjamina L.[1]MoraceaeTree
32.   Ficus DiversifoliaMoraceaeShrub
33.   BarFicus Benghalensis L.MoraceaeTree
34.   Banana FicusFicus LongifoliaMoraceaeTree
35.   Rubber PlantFicus Elestica Roxb.MoraceaeTree
36.   IrosinaIresine HerbstiiAmaranthaceaeHerb
37.   IxoraIxora Coccinea L.RubiaceaeShrub
38.   Cycas Revolute Thunb.CycadaceaeTree
39.   DurantaDuranta Erecta L.VerbinaceaeShrub
40.   TecomaTecoma Stans (L.) Juss.BignoniaceaeShrub
41.   JasmineJasminum Officinale  L.OleaceaeCreeper
42.   Thevetia Peruviana (Pers.) Schum.ApocynaceaeShrub
43.   ChandanLantana Camara L.VerbinaceaeShrub
44.   Allmand BellAllmanda Cathartica L.ApocynaceaeClimber
45.   SheeshamDalbergia Sissoo Roxb.FabaceaeTree
46.   Euphorbia Tirucalli L.EuphorbiaceaeTree
47.   Euphorbia Milli Desmoul.EuphorbiaceaeShrub
48.   MurryaMurrya Koengii (L.) Sprengel[1]ZygophyllaceaeTree
49.   BansBumbusa ArundinaceaPoaceaeTree
50.   Sada BaharCatharanthus Roseus (L.) G.DonApocynaceaeHerb
51.   Withania Somnifera (L.) Dunal[1]SolanaceaeShrub
52.   Camel FootBauhinia Varigata L.MyrtaceaeTree
53.   Gul MoharDelonix Regia (Bojer) Rafin.CaesalpiniaceaeTree
54.   Jungle JilabiInga Dulcis (Roxb.) Benth.MimosaceaeTree
55.   Bottle PalmRoystenia Regia (Kunth) O.F.CookArecaceaeTree
56.   Gul E NishtarErytherina Subrosa Roxb.PapilionaceaeTree
57.   PortulacaPortulaca GrandifloraPortulacaceaeHerb
58.   Such ChainPongamia Pinnata L.) PierreCaesalpiniaceaeTree
59.   ChampaPlumaria Obtuse L.ApocynaceaeShrub
60.   ChampaPlumaria KubraApocynaceaeTree
61.   AdeniaAdenium Obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.ApocynaceaeShrub
62.   BhoohArva JavanicaAraceaeShrub
63.   SarSaccharum SponteunumPoaceaeShrub
64.   AgaveAgave AmericanaAgavaceaeSucculent
65.   CaladiumCaladium HortulanumAraceaeHerb
66.   Cotton CorrosionHibiscus Tiliaceus L.MalvaceaeShrub
67.   HeranRicinus Communis L.EuporbiaceaeTree
68.   Tecoma Grandiflora Thumb.BignoniaceaeCreeper
Desert Plant Species In Botanical Garden
69.   KabahCyperus Rotundus LinnCyperaceaeSedge
70.   ChhabarCynodon Dactylon (Linn.) Pers.PoaceaeGrass
71.   DrabhDesmostachya Bippinata (Linn.) Stapf.PoaceaeGrass
72.   Booro/MunianSaccharum Spontaneum LinnPoaceaeGrass
73.   BoohAerva Javanica Var. Javanica (Burm.F.) Juss. Ex.AmaranthaceaeSub-Shrub
74.   PhairDipterygium Glaucum Decne.AsclepiadaceaeBushy Subshrub
75.   LaniSaueda Fruticosa (Linn.) Forsk.ChenopodiaceaeSub-Shrub
76.   KanderoAlhaji Maurorum Medic.FabaceaeSub-Shrub
77.   Sindhi BaburAcacia Nilotica (Linn.) DelileMimosaceaeTree
78.   KandiProsopis Cineraria (Linn.) DruceMimosaceaeTree
79.    BerZizyphus Mauritiana Lam.RhamnaceaeTree
80.   Jar/PeroonSalvadora Oleoides Decne.SalvadoraceaeTree
81.   LaiTamarix Indica Willd.TamaricaceaeTree
82.   Bakhro/BhurtTribulus Longipetalus Viv.ZygophyllaceaeTree
Humid Tropical Green House
83Terminalia Catapa L. Combretaceae
84Dypsis Decaryi (Jum) Beentje & Dransf.Aracaceae
85Hyphorbe Verschaffeltii H.A Wendl.Aracaceae
86Breynia Nivosa (L.) R.Br.Asclepiadaceae
87Chlorophytum Comosum (Thunb). Jacques.Asparagaceae
88Aptenia Cordifolia (L.F.) N.E.BrAizoaceae
89Argyreia Speciosa (Linn.F.) Sweet.Convolvulaceae
90Asparagus Densiflorus (Kunth) JessopAsparagaceae
91Dracaena Marginata Lam.Ruscaceae
92Hoya Carnosa (L.) R.Br.Asclepiadaceae
93Hoya Kerrii R.Br.Asclepiadaceae
94Elettaria Cardamomum (L.) Maton.Zingiberaceae
95Rhoeo Spanthacea  Commelinaceae
96Sansevieria Trifaciata Prain.Agvaceae
97Schefflera ArboricolaAraliacea
98Euphorbia Tithymaloides L.Euphorbiaceae
99Asparagus Falcatus (L.) DruceAsparagaceae
100Sedum Rubrotinctum R.T Clausen  Crassulaceae
101Cestrum Diurnum L. Solanceae
102Canna Flaccida Salisb.Cannaceae
103 Ravenala Madagascariensis Sonnerat.Aracaceae
Crops Section
104Jawar (جوار)Serghum Vulgare (L.) PersPoaceae
105Bajra (ٻاجھري)Pennisetum Americanum (L.) SchumPoaceae
106Makai مڪيء))Zea Mays L.Poaceae
107Kamand ڪمند))Saccharum Officinarum L. Poaceae
108SaooPoaceae